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Chapter 1 The Policy Context

George Panagakos

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to present the policy framework of the 'green' freight logistics, thus, setting the scene for the individual subjects of the following chapters. Its coverage is distinctly (albeit not exclusively) European, as it is mostly based on work undertaken under the SuperGreen project. The term 'green' is used in the sustainability context, meaning that it features economic and social dimensions in addition to the usual environmental one. The most important EU transport policy documents are reviewed and briefly presented by transportation mode. Horizontal documents covering all modes are reviewed first. The material spans a 15-year period, from the Sustainable Development Strategy of May 2001 to the Directive 2014/94/EU of October 2014 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure.

Abbreviations

ATM Air Traffic Management

CARE Community Road Accident Database CNG Compressed natural gas

CO Carbon monoxide

CO2 Carbon dioxide

DG-MOVE Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport, European

Commission

DWT Deadweight (of a ship)

EC European Commission

ECA Emission control area

ECSA European Community Shipowners' Association EEDI Energy efficiency design index

EEOI Energy efficiency operational indicator EP&C European Parliament & Council

ERA European Railway Agency

ERTMS European Rail Traffic Management System

ETCR Regulation in Energy, Transport and Communications (OECD) ETS Emissions Trading System

EU European Union

FTLAP Freight Transport Logistics Action Plan

FUTRE Future prospects on transport evolution and innovation challenges for the competitiveness of Europe (7th Framework Programme)

GDP Gross domestic product

GHG Greenhouse gas

GRT Gross registered tonnage

HC Non-methane hydrocarbon

HDV Heavy duty vehicle

ICS International Chamber of Shipping

ICT Information and Communication Technology IMO International Maritime Organization

ITS Intelligent Transport Systems

IWT Inland Waterway Transport

LNG Liquefied natural gas

LPG Liquefied petroleum gas

LPI Logistics performance index, the World Bank LRIT Long range identification and tracking

MARPOL International convention for the prevention of pollution from ships MBM Market based measure

MEPC Marine Environment Protection Committee, IMO MoS Motorway of the sea

MRV Monitoring, reporting and verification of CO2 emissions NOx Nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2)

OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

PM Particulate matter

PSC Public service contract

RFC Rail freight corridor

RIS River Information Services RMMS Rail Market Monitoring Scheme Ro-Ro Roll on—roll off (for ships)

SDS Sustainable Development Strategy SECA Sulphur Emission Control Area

SEEMP Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan SESAR Single European Sky ATM Research

SO2 Sulphur dioxide

SSN SafeSeaNet (a VTMIS)

TEN-T Trans-European Transport Network UIC International Union of Railways

UN United Nations

UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe VECTO Vehicle energy consumption calculation tool VTMIS Vessel Traffic Monitoring and Information System WEF World Economic Forum

WTO World Trade Organization

 
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