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1.2.3 Greening Transport Inventory

This document (EC, 2008b) compiles a list of measures that were in place in 2008 to reduce the negative impacts of transportation and more specifically those related to climate change, regional and local pollution, noise pollution, congestion and accidents. The most important of them are mentioned below:

Multiple-impact measures

• Motor fuel taxation: Minimum rates are set depending on the type of fuel.

Alternative fuels, such as LPG and natural gas, are treated favourably, as are biofuels.

• State aids (subsidies, tax breaks etc.): Can be allowed for environmental purposes in specific cases. Transportation projects with clear environmental benefits can be funded through the TEN-T, the Cohesion and European Regional Development Funds. Special financing (Marco Polo programme) is available for projects that stimulate traffic avoidance or modal shift from road to rail, short-sea shipping and inland waterway transportation.[1]

• Environmental assessment: Required for projects over a certain size in all transportation modes, as well as for policy plans and programmes setting the framework for future infrastructure projects.

• Research and technology: Actions on transportation, the environment and energy, as well as ICTs which have an impact on all of these areas are funded through the 7th Framework Research Programme.[2]

Climate change

• Commercial aviation to be included in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS).

• Limitation or reduction of GHG emissions from ships is to be achieved through the IMO. In the absence of sufficient progress at the IMO, the Commission will propose EU measures.

• A strategy to reduce the CO2 emissions from light duty road vehicles (i.e. cars and vans) was adopted in 2007.[3]

• Minimum energy performance measures to be put in place when buildings with a useful floor area of more than 1,000 m2 (including airports, port terminals, stations and car parks) are renovated or constructed.

  • [1] The last Marco Polo II call of the 2007–2013 financial period was launched in March 2013
  • [2] The 7th Framework Programme was the EU's research and innovation funding programme for the period 2007–2013. The current programme is Horizon 2020, but there are many projects funded under the 7th Framework Programme that are still running
  • [3] This strategy led to Regulation (EU) No 510/2011, which sets emission performance standards for new light commercial vehicles
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