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1.3.4 The EU Transport Scoreboard

In April 2014, the European Commission published for the first time a scoreboard on transport in the EU. It compares the performance of the Member States in

21 transportation-related categories and highlights the five top and bottom

Table 1.1 Coverage and timetable of alternative fuel uses (Directive 2014/94/EU)

Alternative fuel

Coverage

Timing

Electricity for motor vehicles in urban/ suburban and other densely populated areas

Appropriate number of publically accessible recharging points

By end 2020

CNG for motor vehicles in urban/ suburban and other densely populated areas

Appropriate number of refuelling points

By end 2020

CNG for motor vehicles along the TEN-T core network

Appropriate number of refuelling points

By end 2025

Shore-side electricity supply for seagoing and IWT vessels

Ports of the TEN-T core network and other ports

By end 2025

Hydrogen for motor vehicles in the Member States which choose to develop it

Appropriate number of refuelling points

By end 2025

LNG at maritime ports

Ports of the TEN-T core network

By end 2025

LNG at inland ports

Ports of the TEN-T core network

By end 2030

LNG for heavy-duty vehicles

Appropriate number of refuelling points along the TEN-T core network

By end 2025

performers for most of these categories. It aims at helping Member States identify shortcomings and define priorities for investment and policies.

The scoreboard builds on the World Bank's Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

which, since 2007, assists countries benchmark their performance on trade logistics. It draws data from a variety of sources (Eurostat, the European Environment Agency, the World Bank and the OECD) and can be consulted either by mode of transportation (road, rail, waterborne, air) or by one of the following categories:

• Single market: It assesses the level of market integration for each mode of transportation:

– Regulation of road freight transportation, based on the OECD indicator of regulation in energy, transportation and communications (ETCR), which considers entry barriers and price control by authorities.

– Market share of all but the principal railway undertakings, separately for freight and passenger transportation, on the basis of RMMS (Rail Market Monitoring Scheme) data.

– Maritime cabotage transportation of goods, based on Eurostat data

(no ranking is provided for this indicator, which simply exhibits the volume of national transportation of goods by sea).

– Regulation of air passenger transportation, based on OECD's ETCR which,

for air passenger transportation, considers entry barriers and public ownership.

• Infrastructure: It assesses the quality of infrastructure for each mode of transportation:

– Motorway density, expressed by the ratio between the total length of motorways and the population (in millions), on the basis of data from Eurostat, UNECE and national sources.

– Quality of rail infrastructure, rating based on a survey by the World

Economic Forum (WEF).

– Quality of port infrastructure, rating based on a WEF survey of business executives' perception of their country's port facilities.

– Quality of air transportation infrastructure, rating based on a WEF survey.

• Environmental impact: Indicators are provided only for road and rail transportation:

– Average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars, on the basis of European Environment Agency data (in gCO2/km).

– Electrified railway lines, expressed as a percentage of electrified railway lines over total lines in use, on the basis of data from the International Union of Railways (UIC) and national sources.

• Safety: Once again only road and rail transportation indicators are provided:

– Road fatalities, defined as persons deceased within 30 days of a road accident per million inhabitants, on the basis of information from the CARE database of DG MOVE.

– Railway victims, defined as persons (including workers, passengers, crossing

users and unauthorised persons) deceased or seriously injured in railway accidents in relation to the overall rail transportation activity (in million train-km), calculated using Eurostat and ERA data.

• Transposition of EU law: Percentage of EU transportation directives for which Member States have notified transposition measures to the Commission by 31 December 2013, even with delays (total number of directives to be transposed: 115).

• Infringements of EU law: According to DG MOVE, on 31 December 2013, the Commission was dealing with a total of 202 infringement proceedings in the area of transportation (cases of a Member State not applying an EU law properly). The scoreboard presents the number of cases separately for each mode of transportation, while an additional category deals with cases that are not mode-specific, in particular concerning passenger rights.

• Research and innovation: This horizontal category covers two aspects:

– Private investment in transportation research and development, defined as investment by transportation companies in research and development, as percentage of GDP. It includes manufacturing of motor vehicles, other transportation equipment, air/spacecraft, railway locomotives and rolling stock, transportation and storage. It is based on information from FUTRE project.

Fig. 1.3 Indicative scoreboard screen exhibiting the performance of EU Member States in relation to Logistics. Source: EU Scoreboard

– Innovative transportation companies, defined as the percentage of companies that replied positively to the question 'do you innovate?' of the 2010 Community Innovation Survey of Eurostat.

• Logistics: The World Bank's Logistics Performance Index, rating the relative ease and efficiency with which products can be moved into and inside a country (refer to Fig. 1.3).

The Commission intends to further refine the above indicators, in dialogue with Member States, industry and other stakeholders.

 
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