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Chapter 3 Green Corridors Basics

George Panagakos

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the concept of 'green corridors' as a means to develop integrated, efficient and environmentally friendly transportation of freight between major hubs and by relative long distances. The basis of this material is work conducted in the context of the EU SuperGreen project, which aimed at advancing the green corridor concept through a benchmarking exercise involving Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). The chapter discusses the available definitions of green corridors and identifies the characteristics that distinguish a green corridor from any other efficient surface transportation corridor. After providing examples of green corridor projects in Europe, it focuses on the KPIs that have been proposed by various projects for monitoring the performance of a freight corridor. Emphasis is given to the SuperGreen KPIs, covering the economic, technical, environmental, social and spatial planning aspects of freight logistics, as they have been scrutinized extensively by stakeholders in order to keep their number within practical and operable limits. In addition, the chapter presents the performance monitoring methodology that was developed by SuperGreen in an effort to close the gap of earlier works. The lessons learned from SuperGreen lead to a revised methodology suitable for monitoring the performance of a corridor.

Abbreviations

API Aggregate performance indicator BGLC Bothnian Green Logistics Corridor CO2 Carbon dioxide

CO2-eq Carbon dioxide equivalent unit

CPI Consumer price index

DEFRA Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (UK) EC European Commission

EDU Equivalent Delivery Unit

EP&C European Parliament & Council

ERTMS European Rail Traffic Management System EU European Union

EWTC East-West Transport Corridor GHG Greenhouse gas

HC Non-methane hydrocarbon

HES Household Expenditure Survey

ICT Information and Communication Technology ITS Intelligent Transport Systems

JRC Joint Research Centre, European Commission KPI Key performance indicator

LCA Life cycle assessment

LTM Lands Trafik Modellen (Danish National Transport Model) MoU Memorandum of Understanding

NECL North East Cargo Link

NOx Nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2)

NTM Network for Transport Measures

PM Particulate matter

RNE RailNetEurope

RTD Research and Technological Development

SCANDRIA Scandinavian-Adriatic corridor for innovation and growth SGCI Swedish Green Corridors Initiative

SO2 Sulphur dioxide

SoNorA South-North-Axis corridor in central Europe

STEEP Socio-cultural, Technological, Economic, Ecological, and Political TEN-T Trans-European Transport Network

TOE Tonne of oil equivalent

 
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