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4.1 Introduction

The purpose of this chapter is to explore possibilities for green freight transportation in relation to network features. Once again, the geographical scope of the analysis is Europe and its transportation network.

This task will be performed in three parts that directly correspond to the three main sections of the chapter. The first one deals with the development and governance of green corridors. Following the description of a green corridor and its basic characteristics in the previous chapter, here we discuss issues of more practical nature pertaining to the implementation of this concept. Those who study or practice logistics know very well that cooperation among all actors involved lies at the core of this business. The international nature of green corridors makes this necessity even more critical. It follows that the governance structure should enable and facilitate the cooperation among public and private sector stakeholders who play a significant role in all facets of green freight transportation; from network design to the provision of integrated logistical solutions. An effective and enabling governance scheme is, thus, a prerequisite for a successful implementation.

The second part of the analysis looks into the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T). Comprising one of the basic dimensions of the Common Transport Policy in Europe, it aims to provide the infrastructure needed for the internal market to function smoothly and for the objectives of the Lisbon Agenda on growth and jobs to be achieved. It also sets out to help ensure accessibility and boost economic, social and territorial cohesion. TEN-T supports the EU citizen's right to move freely within the territory of the Member States and it integrates environmental protection requirements with a view to promoting sustainable development. Of particular importance to our work are the TEN-T Guidelines, the documents containing the EU transport infrastructure policy. Both the previous one that supported the development of the network as it exists today and the current one that places emphasis on the corridor approach will be reviewed.

The third part of the chapter investigates whether the green characteristics of a corridor, as have been identified in the previous chapter, are exhibited by the TEN-T core network corridors introduced with the new TEN-T Guidelines. Based on the results of this analysis, the chapter concludes that, as of the end of 2013, a network of green corridors has been established in Europe.

 
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