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Understanding Society and Natural Resources - Michael J. Manfredo


Year 2014

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IntroductionAn Enduring ConcernOverview of BookPart I The Status of IntegrationChapter 1 A Vision of the Future of Science: Reintegrating of the Study of Humans and the Rest of Nature1.1 The Role of Envisioning in Creating the Future1.2 Consilience Among All the Sciences1.3 Reestablishing the Balance Between Synthesis and Analysis1.4 A Pragmatic Modeling Philosophy1.5 A Multiscale Approach to Science1.5.1 Aggregation1.5.2 Hierarchy Theory1.5.3 Fractals and Chaos1.5.4 Resolution and Predictability1.6 Cultural and Biological Co-evolution1.6.1 Cultural vs. Genetic Evolution1.6.2 Evolutionary Criteria1.7 Creating a Shared Vision of a Desirable and Sustainable Future1.8 ConclusionsReferencesChapter 2 Millennium Alliance for Humanity and the Biosphere (MAHB): Integrating Social Science and the Humanities into Solving Sustainability Challenges2.1 Introduction2.1.1 Dealing with Scientific Silos and Uncertainties2.1.2 Solving These Challenges2.2 Millennium Alliance for Humanity and the Biosphere (MAHB)2.2.1 MAHB's Mission and Structure2.2.2 MAHB's Research Approach2.3 A Research Agenda for and from MAHB2.3.1 Socio-cultural Change for Sustainability2.3.2 Population and Sustainability2.3.3 Environmental Governance for Sustainability2.3.4 Inequity and Sustainability2.4 Concluding ReflectionsReferencesPart II Topics in IntegrationChapter 3 Science During Crisis: The Application of Interdisciplinary and Strategic Science During Major Environmental Crises3.1 Introduction3.2 Science During Crisis: Two Examples3.2.1 2010: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill3.2.2 2012: Hurricane Sandy3.3 Examples of Social Science During Environmental Crisis Events3.4 Distinctive Characteristics of Science During Environmental Crises3.4.1 The Importance of Coupled Human-Natural Systems3.4.2 The Challenge of Collaboration and Interdisciplinary Teams3.4.3 The Importance of Uncertainties and Limitations3.4.4 The Value of Cascading Consequences and Assessing Impacts3.4.5 The Need for Sense of Place3.4.6 The Demands of Communicating Science During Crisis3.5 A Modest Research Agenda3.6 ConclusionReferencesChapter 4 Who's Afraid of Thomas Malthus?4.1 Introduction4.2 Classical Malthusianism4.2.1 The Logical Structure of Malthusianism4.2.2 Why Malthus Was Wrong4.2.3 Why Malthus May Still Turn Out to Be Right4.2.4 Science Integration4.3 Simple Neo-Malthusian Theories4.3.1 Environmental Neo-Malthusianism4.3.2 Climate-Based Neo-Malthusianism4.3.3 Energy-Based Neo-Malthusianism4.3.4 Critique of Simple Neo-Malthusianism4.4 Complex Neo-Malthusian Theories4.4.1 Limits to Growth4.4.2 Eco-scarcity Theory4.4.3 Critique of Eco-scarcity Theory4.4.4 Climate-Based Eco-scarcity4.4.5 The Future in the Past4.4.6 Science Integration4.4.7 Civilizational Neo-Malthusianism4.5 The Role of Social Science4.6 ConclusionPostscriptReferencesChapter 5 A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Social-Ecological Models of Emerging Infectious Diseases5.1 Introduction5.2 Integrating Social Science Theories Relevant to Development Transitions5.3 Anthropogenic and Ecological Determinants of HPAI in Southeast Asia5.4 Developing and Testing the Framework5.5 Lessons Learned About Social Science Integration5.6 ConclusionReferencesChapter 6 Studying Power with the Social-Ecological System Framework6.1 Introduction6.2 Incorporating Power Within The SES Framework6.3 Overview of the SES Framework6.4 Operationalizing Research on the Role of Power in Social-Ecological Systems6.5 Analyzing Power Within The SES Framework6.6 Institutional Power6.7 Elinor Ostrom's Definition of Power6.8 Steven Lukes's Three Faces of Power6.9 Douglass North and the Institutional Matrix6.10 Discussion6.11 Conclusions: An Interdisciplinary Agenda for the Study of Power in SESsReferencesChapter 7 Considerations in Representing Human Individuals in Social-Ecological Models7.1 Purpose7.2 Impetus for Change Emanating from Ecological Sciences7.3 A Need for Greater Inclusion of the Individual in Ecosystem Models7.4 Human Thought as Dynamic and Adaptive7.4.1 Dual Adaptive Systems in Humans7.5 The Individual in a Multi-level Context7.5.1 Hierarchies Within the Individual7.5.2 The Individual-Group Hierarchy7.5.3 Institutional and Structural Factors7.6 Mutually Constructed Nature of Human Thought and the Social and Natural Environment7.7 ConclusionReferencesPart III Methodological Advances for Facilitating Social Science IntegrationChapter 8 The Representation of Human-Environment Interactions in Land Change Research and Modelling8.1 Introduction: Land Change and Spatial Models8.2 The Representation of Human-Environment Interactions in Land Change ModelsConceptual models of human-environment interactions in land science8.2.1 Different Perspectives and Research Approaches8.2.2 Using Social Science Case-Studies to Help Parameterize Land Change Models8.2.3 Representation of Human-Environment Interactions in Land Change Models8.3 Land Change Models as a Platform for Social Science IntegrationReferencesChapter 9 Simulation as an Approach to Social-Ecological Integration, with an Emphasis on Agent-Based Modeling9.1 Introduction9.2 Utilities of Simulations9.3 Integrated Modeling9.3.1 Ecological and Social Models9.3.2 Integrated Modeling with Stakeholders9.4 Agent-Based Modeling9.5 Examples9.5.1 Integrated Assessments with SAVANNA and DECUMA9.5.2 Balinese Water Temple Networks9.5.3 Wet Season Versus Dry Season Livestock Dispersal9.6 Summary and ConclusionsReferencesChapter 10 Inter-disciplinary Analysis of Climate Change and Society: A Network Approach10.1 Introduction10.2 Structure, Function and Power in Social Networks10.3 Action Networks and Discourse Networks10.3.1 Culture as Context in Social Network Analysis10.3.2 Discourse Networks Around Climate Change10.3.3 Policy Networks Around Climate Change10.4 ConclusionReferencesChapter 11 Designing Social Learning Systems for Integrating Social Sciences into Policy Processes: Some Experiences of Water Managing11.1 Introduction11.2 Framing Choices in Environmental Policy Situations11.3 Integration and Systems11.4 Designing Social Learning Systems for Social Science Integration11.5 Case Studies of Designing Social Learning Systems11.5.1 Integrating Environment Agency Catchment Science into Policy11.5.2 Creating Water Sensitive Cities in Australia11.5.3 Social Learning for Ecosystem Services in Lake Baiyangdian, China11.6 Constraints and Opportunities for Social Learning for Integration11.7 Concluding Comments and Implications for Future Integrated Policy-MakingReferences
 
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