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The Sustainability of Agro-Food and Natural Resource Systems in the Mediterranean Basin - Antonella Vastola

Year 2015


Part I Agro-Food SystemsFood Security in the Southern Mediterranean/North Africa1 Introduction2 The Southern Mediterranean/North Africa2.1 General Characteristics2.2 Agriculture and Natural Resources3 Challenges and Problems Related to Food Security3.1 Dependence on Food Imports3.2 Insufficient Resources Allocated to Agriculture4 Achieving Food Security in the Long RunReferencesSustainability in Cereal Crop Production in Mediterranean Environments1 Introduction2 Soil Fertilization3 Surface Water and Sediment Control Systems and Soil Tillage4 Choice of Species, Varieties, Planting Date, and Weed and Pest Control5 Precision FarmingReferencesInnovative Crop Productions for Healthy Food: The Case of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.)1 Introduction2 Genetic Diversity and Breeding3 Seed Quality4 Leaf and Stem Quality5 Uses6 Agronomic ManagementReferencesThe Hidden Costs of Livestock Environmental Sustainability: The Case of Podolian Cattle1 Introduction2 Environmental Impact Assessment2.1 Limitations of the Standard Method of Sustainability Assessment3 The Multifunctional Role of Podolian Farming System3.1 Land Use3.2 Lower Competition with Human Nutrition3.3 Animal Health and Welfare3.4 Conservation of Biodiversity4 Concluding RemarksReferencesFeeding, Nutrition and Sustainability in Dairy Enterprises: The Case of Mediterranean Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)1 Introduction2 Farming and Feeding Systems2.1 Feeding Behaviour3 Nutritional Requirements of Dairy Buffaloes3.1 Lactating Phase3.2 Dry Phase3.3 Heifer Growth Phase4 Sustainability of Dairy Buffalo Farming5 ConclusionReferencesSustainability of Sheep and Goat Production Systems1 Introduction1.1 Environmental Sustainability of Sheep and Goat Production System1.2 Livestock Sustainability: Human–Animal Relationship and Sheep and Goat Welfare1.3 Economic Perspectives of Sustainable Sheep and Goat Farming2 ConclusionsReferencesThe Role of Local Sheep and Goat Breeds and Their Products as a Tool for Sustainability and Safeguard of the Mediterranean Environment1 Sheep and Goat Breeds, a Tool for Sustainability2 Sheep Breeds and Canestrato Pugliese Cheese2.1 Canestrato Pugliese Cheesemaking, Sampling and Analysis of Milk and Cheese2.2 Results and Discussion2.3 Conclusion3 Goat Breeds and Caciotta Cheese3.1 Caciotta Cheesemaking, Sampling and Analysis of Milk and Cheese3.2 Results and Discussion3.3 Goats and Genetic Variants of Casein Fractions3.4 Goat Breeds and Oligosaccharide Fraction3.5 Conclusion4 Goat Breeds and Ricotta CheeseGoat Ricotta Cheese4.1 Ricotta Cheesemaking, Sampling and Analysis of Milk and Cheese4.2 Results and Discussion4.3 ConclusionReferencesInnovative Use of Jenny Milk from Sustainable Rearing1 Why a Growing Interest Towards Donkey Rearing?2 Main Characteristics of Donkey Farms in Basilicata Region2.1 Donkey Population2.2 Morphological and Biometrical Characteristics of Local Population3 Qualitative Characteristics of Jenny Milk3.1 Cosmetics Made with Jenny Milk3.2 Jenny Milk as Inhibitor in Cheese Making4 ConclusionsReferencesSustainable Agricultural Practices in Disease Defence of Traditional Crops in Southern Italy: The Case Study of Tomato Cherry Protected by Trichoderma harzianum T-22 Against Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV)1 Introduction2 Sustainable Agricultural Practices in Disease Defence3 The Case Study of Tomato Cherry Protected by Trichoderma harzianumT-22 Against CMV4 ConclusionReferencesDevelopment of Integrated Disease Control Measures for the Valorisation of Traditional Crops in Southern Italy: The Case Study of Fagioli di Sarconi1 Introduction2 Response of Fagioli di Sarconi Varieties to CBB3 Fagioli di Sarconi Seed Disinfection4 Beneficial Rhizobacteria as Biocontrol Agents of CBB in Fagioli di Sarconi5 Concluding RemarksReferencesSustainable Climate Change Adaptations in Developing Countries: A Case Study of the Turkish Cypriot Community's Adoption of Pomegranate Farming1 Introduction2 Crop Switching and Sustainable Peacebuilding3 Climate Considerations in Cyprus4 The EU and USAID5 Selecting Pomegranates6 Programme Design and Implementation7 Sustainable Peacebuilding8 Policy Implications9 Concluding CommentsReferencesThe Role of Women in the Sustainability of the Wine Industry: Two Case Studies in Italy1 Introduction2 Background: The Overall Situation of Farming, Winemaking, and Rural Tourism in Italy3 Background Literature and Research Focus, Questions, and Method4 Case Studies4.1 Fattoria del Colle, Interview to Mrs. Donatella Cinelli Colombini4.2 Tenute Olbios, Interview to Mrs. Daniela Pinna5 Discussion6 ConclusionReferencesPart II Natural Resource Systems and EnvironmentThe Effects of Climate Change on the Multifunctional Role of Basilicata's Forests: The Effects Induced on Yield and CO2 Absorption1 Introduction2 Materials and Methods2.1 The Concept of Plausibility According to DempsterShafer's Theory2.2 Estimating the Stumpage Value of Basilicata's Forests2.3 The Economic Evaluation of the Sink Function of Basilicata's Forests3 Results4 ConclusionsReferencesWildlife Agriculture Interactions, Spatial Analysis and Trade-Off Between Environmental Sustainability and Risk of Economic Damage1 Introduction2 Methodology2.1 ANOVA Test2.2 Study Area2.3 Analysis of Damages2.4 Parametrisation of Damages2.5 Aggregation of Criteria3 Results4 ConclusionsReferencesThe Sustainability of Non-renewable Resources Use at Regional Level: A Case Study on Allocation of Oil Royalties1 Introduction2 Materials and Methods2.1 Case Study: Basilicata Region2.2 SAM: A Two-Region Model3 Results4 ConclusionReferencesLand Use Sector Involvement in Mitigation Policies Across Carbon Markets1 Introduction2 The Primary Sector in the International Negotiation3 Overview of Carbon Credit Markets4 Analysis of the Main International Markets and the Inclusion of the Agroforestry Sector4.1 International Voluntary Markets: The Verified Carbon Standard4.2 The American Carbon Registry Standard (ACR)4.3 Regional Carbon Market4.4 The National Carbon Markets5 The Inclusion of Agroforestry in Mitigation Policies: Some Remarks6 ConclusionsReferencesEvaluating the Role of Soil Variability on Potential Groundwater Pollution and Recharge in a Mediterranean Agricultural Watershed1 Introduction2 Materials and Methods2.1 Study Area2.2 Geo Database Implementation2.3 Geoprocessing and Data Handling2.4 Stochastic Development of TFtb3 Results and Discussions4 ConclusionsReferencesGrazing and Biodiversity Conservation: Highlights on a Natura 2000 Network Site1 Introduction2 Overview of Basilicata's Natura 2000 Network3 Community Habitats of Basilicata's Sites4 Livestock Farming within Basilicata's Sites5 Grazing Impacts on Basilicata's Sites6 A Focus on Grazing Impacts on a Basilicata's Site6.1 Application of DPSIR Framework to Analyse Grazing Impact Within the Site7 ConclusionReferencesEvaluation of Native Grasses for Sustainable Turfgrass in the Bioclimatic Mediterranean Region1 Introduction2 Materials and Method2.1 Statistical Analysis3 Results and Discussion3.1 Total Growth3.2 Colour Index3.3 Turf Quality3.4 Green Cover Percentage4 ConclusionsReferencesBiodiversity of Hypogeous Fungi in Basilicata1 Introduction2 Lucanian Hypogeous and Semi-hypogeous Fungi2.1 Ascomycota2.2 Basidiomycota2.3 Zygomycota3 Concluding RemarksReferencesPart III New TechnologiesNew Technologies for the Sustainable Management and Planning of Rural Land and Environment1 Introduction2 New Technologies for Rural Land and Environment Analysis2.1 Geographical Information Systems2.2 Remote Sensing2.3 Three-Dimensional Landscape Analysis3 Application of New Technologies on Historical Maps for the Analysis of the Agroforestry Land Evolution3.1 Study Area3.2 Cartography3.3 Data Analysis3.4 Results4 Analysis of Time Evolution of Agroforestry Land as a Tool for the Sustainable Management and Planning of Rural Land andEnvironment5 ConclusionsReferencesProcessing Plants and Technologies for a Sustainable Mediterranean Food Chain1 Introduction2 Technologies for the Postharvest Storage of Fruits and Vegetables3 Physical Treatments4 Isolation of Natural Preparations from PlantsReferencesGeophysical Techniques for Plant, Soil, And Root Research Related to Sustainability1 Introduction2 Principles of Geophysical Techniques for Agriculture and the Environment3 Applications and Case Studies in Agriculture and the EnvironmentReferencesSatellite Technologies to Support the Sustainability of Agricultural Production1 Introduction2 Materials and Methods3 Results4 ConclusionsReferencesElectrolysed Water in the Food Industry as Supporting of Environmental Sustainability1 Introduction2 Electrolysed Water3 Application of EW as Surface Disinfectant4 EW on Fruits and Vegetables5 EW on Animal Products6 Combined Treatments7 ConclusionsReferences
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