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Life Cycle Management - Guido Sonnemann


Year 2015

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Part I Introducing Life Cycle ManagementChapter 1 Introduction: Life Cycle Management1 The Business Context2 The Role of Life Cycle Management3 Conclusions and PerspectivesReferencesChapter 2 Life Cycle Management: Implementing Sustainability in Business Practice1 Life Cycle Management and Life Cycle Sustainability Management: A Clarification of Terms2 Life Cycle Management: Concepts and Definition3 Systems and Tools for Life Cycle Management4 Organizational Challenges5 Conclusion and OutlookReferencesChapter 3 Life Cycle Management as a Way to Operationalize Sustainability Within Organizations1 Introduction2 Value Creation and Life Cycle Management2.1 Defining the Strategy of Sustainable Value Creation2.2 Sustainability Value Creation Framework3 Paths to Operationalize Sustainability Through Life Cycle Management in a Company: Illustrated Applications3.1 Sustainability as a Motivation Generator3.2 Sustainable Supply Chain to Reduce Risks3.3 Sustainability to Increase Brand Perception4 Conclusions and OutlookReferencesChapter 4 How to Implement Life Cycle Management in Business?1 Introduction2 Implementation of Life Cycle Sustainability Management2.1 Plan2.2 Do2.3 Check2.4 Act3 Concluding RemarksReferencesChapter 5 Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment: A Tool for Exercising Due Diligence in Life Cycle Management1 Introduction2 Taking Up Social Responsibility in the Value Chain2.1 About Social Responsibility of Organizations2.2 Linking with Management2.3 About “Due Diligence”2.4 Due Diligence: Assessment Through LCSA?2.5 Implementation and Follow Up of Due Diligence Through LCM?3 OutlookReferencesChapter 6 Life Cycle Management: Labelling, Declarations and Certifications at the Product Level – Different Approaches1 Introduction2 Overview on Different Approaches3 Some Exemplary Information Transmission Approaches3.1 Qualitative Approaches3.2 Self-Declared Environmental Claims3.3 Quantitative Declarations4 Selection of Approaches5 ConclusionsReferencesChapter 7 Mainstreaming the Use of Life Cycle Management in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Using a Sector Based and Regional Approach1 Introduction2 Context for the Study3 Approach3.1 Benchmark3.2 Sector Maturity Assessment3.3 Needs Identification3.4 Action Plan3.5 Implementation4 Conclusions and OutlookReferencesPart II Advancing the Implementation of Life Cycle Management in Business PracticeChapter 8 From Projects to Processes to Implement Life Cycle Management in Business1 A Brief History of Life Cycle Approaches1.1 From Pioneers to Industry Standards1.2 From Trial to Maturity2 From Project to Process2.1 Screening to Identify Pathway2.2 Scoping to Grow Project Phase2.3 Scaling to Prepare Process Phase3 From Process Integration to Sustainable Supply Chain and Product ManagementReferencesChapter 9 How to Make the Life Cycle Assessment Team a Business Partner1 Introduction: 20 Years of Life Cycle Assessment, Have We Understood the User Needs?2 Understanding Major Product Sustainability Trends2.1 Understanding “Alternatives” to Life Cycle Assessment2.2 The Risk of Ignoring These Trends3 Understanding the LCA Community Itself3.1 The Overarching Message4 What's Next: How to Tackle This Chasm?4.1 Become a Champion for Life Cycle Assessment4.2 Long-Term Management Commitment to Sustainability4.3 Shared Language4.4 Link Life Cycle Assessment with Business Objectives4.5 Jointly Explore New Applications5 ConclusionsReferencesChapter 10 Sustainability Improvements and Life Cycle Approaches in Industry Partnerships1 Introduction2 Industry and Associations Initiatives2.1 Together for Sustainability (TfS)2.2 Life Cycle Inventory Data Platforms of Associations2.3 Steering Product Portfolio to Foster Sustainable Solutions3 Examples of Assessments and Applications3.1 Using Plastics Europe LCI Information3.2 Evaluating Product Sustainability, a Contribution from CEFIC3.3 Sustainability Improvements Support with Eco-Efficiency Studies: Pavement Preservation Technology4 ConclusionsReferencesChapter 11 Sustainable Value Creation with Life Cycle Management1 Introduction and Objective2 Background and Literature Review2.1 Context of Corporations and Products2.2 Opportunities for Sustainable Value Creation2.3 Business Functions/Activities3 Methodology3.1 Description of Sustainable Value Framework for Chemical Industry4 Results and Discussion4.1 Case Study of Spun-Dyed Modal Fibers from Lenzing AG4.2 Case Study of Vitamin C Business Development by Royal DSM NV4.3 Implementation Procedure for Business Value Creation Based on Life Cycle Assessment in Companies4.4 Limitations of the Suggested Approach and Life Cycle Management5 ConclusionsReferencesPart III Life Cycle Management as Part of Sustainable Consumption and Production Strategies and PoliciesChapter 12 Hotspots Analysis: Providing the Focus for Action1 Introduction2 What Is Hotspots Analysis?2.1 Typical Steps to Conduct Hotspots Analysis2.2 Approaches of Hotspots Analysis3 Applications/Use of Hotspots Analysis3.1 Scale of Application3.2 Attributes3.3 Commonalities and Differences Among Methodologies3.4 Case Studies4 Other Tools Used to Identify Sustainability Impacts4.1 Hotspots Analysis Versus Other Tools5 Key Observations5.1 Audience and Application5.2 Beyond LCA5.3 Commonalities5.4 Ease of Use5.5 Gaps6 Challenges and Next StepsReferencesChapter 13 From Sustainable Production to Sustainable Consumption1 Introduction2 Secondary Consequences of Consumption Decisions2.1 Overview2.2 Changes in Available Household Resources and Consumption Constraints2.3 Use of Freed Household Resources2.4 Cross Category Effects2.5 Mental Secondary Consequences2.6 Higher Order Consequences of Economic Transactions2.7 Towards a New Measure of the Environmental Life Cycle Performance of Products from Consumption Perspective2.8 Happiness or Harm Due to Need (Over-) Fulfilment3 Sustainable Consumption on Different Levels3.1 Product Level: From Functional Unit to Needs Fulfilment3.2 Person or Household Level: Sustainable Lifestyles3.3 National Level: From Territorial Inventory to Including Burdens of Imported and Exported Products3.4 Global Level: The Sum of All Consumption Versus the Planetary Boundaries4 Actors in Sustainable Consumption and Their Possible Roles4.1 Companies: Sustainable Products4.2 Citizen: Sustainable Consumption Decisions and Lifestyles4.3 Governments: Facilitating Sustainable Consumption and Lifestyles4.4 Others5 Conclusions and Next StepsReferencesChapter 14 Life Cycle Management Responsibilities and Procedures in the Value Chain1 Introduction2 Looking into the Life Cycle Management Agenda3 Corporate Practice in Life Cycle Management4 Collective Model for Life Cycle Management5 Life Cycle Management and Business Organizations6 Life Cycle Management in Regional Development7 Link with Other Sustainability Management Initiatives8 Summary and ConclusionsReferencesChapter 15 Policy Options for Life Cycle Assessment Deployment in Legislation1 Introduction2 Methodology2.1 Identification of Policy Options2.2 Identification and Description of Characteristics of the Policy Options3 Results and Discussion3.1 Developed Policy Options3.2 Characteristics of the Prioritized Policy Options4 Conclusions and OutlookReferencesPart IV Mainstreaming and Capacity Building on Life Cycle ManagementChapter 16 Taking Life Cycle Management Mainstream: Integration in Corporate Finance and Accounting1 Evolution in Assessment, Management and Reporting Standards2 Linking Life Cycle Assessment with Financial Value Drivers2.1 Growth of Sales2.2 Duration of Sales2.3 Operating Margin and Capital Expenditure3 ConclusionReferencesChapter 17 Building Organizational Capability for Life Cycle Management1 Introduction1.1 Chapter Outline2 Methods2.1 Development of the Life Cycle Management Capability Maturity Model2.2 Company Case Studies3 Discussion4 Conclusions and Research NeedsReferencesChapter 18 Promoting Life Cycle Thinking, Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Management Within Business in Brazil1 Introduction2 Brazilian Business Network for Life Cycle Assessment3 Implementing Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Management Within Companies4 ConclusionsReferencesChapter 19 Mainstreaming Life Cycle Sustainability Management in Rapidly Growing and Emerging Economies Through Capacity-Building1 Introduction2 Potential for Mainstreaming Life Cycle Sustainability Management in Developing Countries: A Global Status Assessment2.1 Methodology and Criteria for the Assessment of Mainstreaming Conditions2.2 Capacity-Building for Life Cycle Sustainability Management2.3 LCA Studies and LCA Databases2.4 Networking2.5 Gender Aspects2.6 Mainstreaming Conditions in Selected Countries2.7 Market for LCA Professionals3 Framework for Capacity-Building and Developing Capabilities to Mainstream Life Cycle Sustainability Management4 Conclusions, Recommendations and Outlook4.1 Conclusions and Recommendations4.2 OutlookReferencesChapter 20 Communication and Collaboration as Essential Elements for Mainstreaming Life Cycle Management1 Introduction2 Missing LinksBox 20.1: A Practical Example: Renault's Efforts to Inform Their Consumers About Their Life Cycle Management Work3 Moving Towards Better Collaboration3.1 Improve Collaboration Among the Life Cycle Community Across the Globe3.2 Effective Communication with a Wider Set of Stakeholders3.3 Audiences and Lessons Learned4 Making It Happen4.1 Space to Coordinate Efforts Around the World4.2 Space to Identify New Contacts, Apart from Conferences4.3 Space to Collaborate with Colleagues4.4 Space to Develop a Coherent Messaging5 ConclusionReferencesPart V Implementation and Case Studies of Life Cycle Management in Different Business and Industry SectorsChapter 21 Exploring Challenges and Opportunities of Life Cycle Management in the Electricity Sector1 Introduction2 Identifying the Issues: Major Methodological Challenges2.1 Data Issues: Generating Electricity Life Cycle Inventory Datasets2.2 User Perspective: Using Electricity Life Cycle Inventory Data3 Key Opportunities3.1 Opportunities: The Research Perspective3.2 Opportunities: The User Perspective4 ConclusionsReferencesChapter 22 Life Cycle Management Applied to Urban Fabric Planning1 Introduction2 Methods2.1 Environmental Benchmarking2.2 The Urban Fabric3 Environmental Profile of Urban Fabric Elements3.1 Paved Skin: Sidewalks and Light-Weight Traffic Road Pavement3.2 Gas Network3.3 Water Supply Network3.4 Sewer Network4 Discussion4.1 Optimizing the Urban Fabric Design4.2 Towards Smart Grids and Self-sufficiency5 ConclusionsReferencesChapter 23 Implementing Life Cycle Engineering in Automotive Development as a Helpful Management Tool to Support Design for Environment1 Introduction1.1 Life Cycle Management at Volkswagen1.2 Life Cycle Assessment as a Tool to Implement Life Cycle Management at Volkswagen2 From Life Cycle Assessment to Life Cycle Engineering2.1 Success Factors for Life Cycle Engineering Within the Company2.2 Integration of Life Cycle Engineering into Company Processes3 Automotive Life Cycle3.1 Lightweight Design3.2 Example: Hot Stamped Steel4 Analysis and Derivation of Measurable Technical Targets4.1 Calculating Targets for Hot Stamped Steel5 ConclusionReferencesChapter 24 Managing Life Cycle Sustainability Aspects in the Automotive Industry1 Introduction2 Assessing Sustainability Performance Within a Vehicle Life Cycle2.1 Life Cycle Assessment of a Car2.2 Social and Economic Performances3 Results and DiscussionReferencesChapter 25 Life Cycle Management as a Way to Operationalize the Creating Shared Value Concept in the Food and Beverage Industry: A Case Study1 Introduction2 Implementing EcodEX: A Product Design Tool at Nestlé2.1 Initial Brief2.2 A Growing Number of Users2.3 Challenges3 ConclusionReferences
 
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