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Chapter 2 Intel Embedded Hardware Platform

Application developers on general-purpose computers can often ignore the hardware and focus completely on their software because the two entities have become quite independent. However, developers cannot ignore embedded system hardware. Due to the embedded system's specialized features, constrained resources, and integration of hardware and software, you need to understand the working principles and mechanisms of the hardware and hardware layers in order to design efficient applications for the embedded environment.

As the world's leader in silicon innovation, Intel has been designing high-performance processors and related hardware for general-purpose computers and embedded systems. This chapter focuses on Intel technologies for embedded systems, paving the way for the subsequent application development.

Intel Atom Processor

Intel specifically designed Intel Atom processors for embedded and mobile devices starting in 2008. As the smallest and lowest-power processor, it uses an entirely new microarchitecture for embedded devices to reduce power consumption and yet maintain instruction-set compatibility with Intel Core 2 processors.

The Intel Atom processor is the current Intel-based architecture for embedded systems. It is compatible with Intel architecture instruction software. Compared to Intel processors for desktop systems, its size, power consumption, and other features are more suitable for embedded applications.

Today's generation of Intel Atom processors delivers energy-efficient performance to power a range of computing devices. Thin and light smartphones and tablets.Intelligent cars. Innovative healthcare devices. Smart city infrastructure monitoring.High-performance microservers for the cloud. These are just some of the ways Intel Atom processor innovation drives higher performance at ultra-low power—connecting people, enriching lives, and fueling the Internet of Things.

The Intel Atom processor E3800 product family (formerly Bay Trail) offers a range of multi-core system-on-chip (SoC) options. Based on industry-leading 22 nm process technology, these SoCs integrate the Intel architecture core, graphics, memory, and I/O interfaces into a one-chip solution that delivers outstanding compute, graphics, and media performance.

 
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