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Reengineering community development for the 21st century - Donna Fabiani

Year 2008


Preface and AcknowledgmentsAcknowledgments1. Whither Community Development: An IntroductionDonna Fabiani and Terry F. BussWhere the Action Is in Community DevelopmentPart 1 Community Development Financial Institutions2. Evolving Roles of Mission-Focused and Mainstream Financial Organizations: Implications for the Scale and Sustainability of CDFIsFinancial Industry Developments and TrendsFuture Niche of CDFIsMethodologyInteractions Between CDFIs and Mainstream Financial InstitutionsImplications for the Scale and Sustainability of CDFIsConclusion3. When Subsidy Becomes Scarce: Rethinking Community Development FinancePart I: CDLF and CDVC Structures and Current ActivitiesPart П. Challenges Facing the FieldPart III: Opportunities and Industry ResponseConclusions4. CDFIs “Make the Market” for Charter School Facilities FinancingPublic Charter Schools DefinedWhy Charters?What CDFIs Have AccomplishedRole of the Public SectorThe Future of CDFIs in the Charter MarketConclusion5. The Case for the Community Partner in Economic DevelopmentThe Investment Vehicle and the Community Partner RelationshipCase Studies6. Research Design Issues for Measuring CDFI Performance and ImpactCDFI Borrower-Investee Types, Product Groups, and Product LinesUnit of Analysis: Household or Firm Versus Neighborhood or CommunityExperimental Methods for Impact Evaluation of CDFI Product LinesQuasi-Experimental Methods for Measuring ImpactMeasuring Structural Impacts via Financial Output VariablesResearch Methodology and Data Availability in Key CDFI Product LinesConclusions and Implications for PolicyNote7. Social Performance Measurement for CDFI BanksApproaches to Performance Measurement Social Performance MeasurementPublicly Available Performance DataApplication of SPMs to CDFI BanksConclusionsNotePart 2 Asset Building8. Stubborn and Persistent Lending DisparitiesLiterature Review and IntroductionResearch FindingsProgrammatic and Policy Responses to Steering and Abusive LendingNCRC's Consumer Rescue FundRecommendations9. The Assets Framework: Moving Toward Transformative TransactionsCommunity Development FinanceCDFI TheoryCoastal Enterprises, Inc.: A History and ProfileCommon ThemesWhere Next?10. Connecting Asset Building and Community DevelopmentAssets Were a Springboard for Upward Mobility in Yesterday's AmericaThe Benefits and Costs of Current Federal Assets PolicyWhy Do Assets Matter Today?IDAs and the American Dream DemonstrationConfidence, Competence, Connections, and – CapitalWhat Is Community Development? Economic Development? Community Economic Development?How Does Entrepreneurship Fit Into the Economic Development Process?The Nexus of Asset Building and Community Economic DevelopmentPromising Ideas, Tools, and Programs to Build Assets and Renew CommunitiesPromising Federal and State Asset-Building PoliciesConclusionNotes11. Innovation in State Government: Pennsylvania's Financial Education OfficeOriginOperationsLessons LearnedClosingPart 3 Capacity Building and Citizen Engagement12. Community Capacity Building Through Strategic Philanthropy at the United WayUWAStrategic PhilanthropyHeritage United WayNote13. Building Community Capacity Through Multisector CollaborationsDetroit LISCPlanning at the Neighborhood LevelStrategic Investment Areas: A New Planning and Investment ModelPlanning CollaborativelyMeasuring Success in Multisector Collaboration – Lessons Learned14. Southern Bancorp's Model for Community Economic Development: The Delta Bridge ProjectSouthern BancorpTheory of ChangePhillips County, ArkansasThe Delta Bridge ProjectResults from the Delta Bridge ProjectConclusion15. Effective Civic EngagementLessons from the Seattle School District – A MemoirAnti-Busing Initiative on the November 1989 BallotCitizen Involvement MissionSeattle Education SummitConclusionPart 4 Federal Policy16. Reforming CDBG: An Illusive QuestThe CDBG ProgramStrengthening America's Communities InitiativePerformance Measurement System ReformCDBG FormulaUpgrading IDISReforming the Consolidated Plan17. Rethinking Federal Low-Income Housing PoliciesRebuilding the Intellectual Foundations of Housing PolicyReforming Housing PolicyConclusionNotePart 5 Smart Growth and Land Use18. Smart Growth and Community Investment: Confronting Suburban Decline in BaltimoreThe Emergence of Suburban DeclineBaltimore County Confronts Suburban DeclinePolitical Realities and Economic Imperatives of Smart GrowthFuture ProspectsNotes19. Positive Cycling: Riding Our Bicycles Down the Path to Community Development SuccessThe Theory of Positive CyclingThe Ultimate Bicycle-Friendly CommunityHow to Create the Ultimate Bicycle-Friendly CommunityKey InstitutionsWhat Some Communities Have Achieved – Three Case StudiesThe FuturePart 6 Affordable Housing20. Aging-Out and Foster Care: Housing PolicyChild Welfare and Poor Housing Outcomes for Aging-Out YouthReconceiving Child Welfare as Community DevelopmentConclusion21. Would the Adoption of Land Value Taxation Drive Down the Price of Land and Increase Housing Affordability?Externalities AboundWhere We Are TodayThe Future Under a Land Value Taxation RegimeConclusionNotePart 7 Crime and Development22. Crime's Impact on the Viability of Young Urban Small BusinessesThe Controversy and the EvidenceThe CBO Database and Specification of Submarkets in Urban AreasMarket Segments in Which Serious Crime Most Directly Impacts Young FirmsConcluding RemarksAppendix 22.1. The CBO DataNote23. Courts, Equity, and Community DevelopmentCrime as a Deterrent to Successful Community RedevelopmentCommunities and Crime: Historical Underpinnings on the British IslesHistorical Underpinnings of the Relationship Between Communities and CrimeRestorative Justice Initiatives in the United StatesThe Community in Community DevelopmentRestorative Justice InitiativesAppendix: Redevelopment's Trend Away from Eminent DomainBIDs and MADs – Partnering with the CommunityLoan ProgramsEquity Funds – Double Bottom Line InvestmentsHistoric Rehabilitation Tax CreditsIncentive Zones – Tax and Financial IncentivesThe Layering Effect of Multiple IncentivesAbout the Editors and Contributors
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